The very short answer to this is, “no.” But don’t worry, we’ll elaborate!
The air filter that comes standard with your HVAC installation is there for an important reason. Its function is to protect the HVAC system itself from dust, dirt, and other debris that can settle on its internal components and negatively impact the system’s efficiency and performance—costing you more money in the long run. This air filter certainly helps pull a little bit of dust and other contaminants from your indoor air, but this isn’t its intended purpose.
For more powerful air cleaning, you’ll want to consider the installation of a whole-house air purifier.